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MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY

 

 

COURSE– CREDIT AND SEMESTER (C.C.S) SYSTEM 

 

 

 

B. A. MUSIC Programme (VEENA)

 

 

 

 

Sl. No.

SEM

Alpha numerical code

Course

Course Title

Course Type

Hrs/ Week

Credits

Duration of exam Practical 30 mts Theory 3 hrs

% of Marks

Total Credits

1.

I

 

Common course -1

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

2.

 

Common course -2

 

 

4

4

3hrs

 

3.

 

Common course -3

 

 

4

4

3hrs

 

4.

I MUSCOR VINA 101

Core course-1

Fundamental lessons 1

Practical 1

7

4

30min

 

5.

I MUSCOM VINA 102

1st Complimentary -1

Preliminary svara Exercises 1

Practical (vocal)

3

2

30min

 

6.

I MUSCOM 103

2nd Complimentary -1

Musicology

Theory

2

2

3hrs

 

7.

II

 

 

Common Course - 4

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

 

 

20

8.

 

Common Course - 5

 

 

4

4

3hrs

 

9.

 

Common Course – 6

 

 

4

4

3hrs

 

10.

II MUSCORVINA 201

Core Course-2

Fundamental lessons II

Practical 2

7

4

30min

 

11.

II MUSCOMVINA 202

1st Complimentary - 2

Preliminary Exercises 2

Practical (vocal)

3

2

30min

 

12.

II MUS COM 203

2nd Complimentary – 2

Musicology

Theory

2

2

3hrs

 

13.

III

 

 

Common Course – 7

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

 

 

20

14.

 

Common Course – 8

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

15.

III MUSCOR 301

Core Course – 3

Theory of Music

Theory

3

3

3hrs

 

16.

III MUSCORVINA 302

Core Course – 4

Fundamental lessons  3

Practical 3

7

4

30min

 

17.

III MUSCOMVINA 303

1st Complimentary – 3

Varnams

Practical (vocal)

3

3

30min

 

18.

III MUSCOM 304

2nd Complimentary – 3

Musicology

Theory

2

2

3hrs

 

 

 

 

 

MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY

COURSE – CREDIT AND SEMESTER (C.C.S) SYSTEM

B. A. – MUSIC – PROGRAMME – (VEENA)

19.

IV

 

 

Common Course – 9

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

 

 

20

20.

 

Common Course – 10

 

 

5

4

3hrs

 

21.

IV MUSCOR 401

Core Course – 5

Theory of Music

Theory

3

3

3hrs

 

22.

IV MUSCORVINA 402

Core Course – 6

Varnams & Simple Kritis

Practical 4

7

4

30min

 

23.

IV MUSCOMVIO 403

1st Complimentary – 4

Varnam & simple kritis

Practical (vocal)

3

3

30min

 

24.

IV MUSCOM 404

2nd Complimentary – 4

Musicology

Theory

2

2

3hrs

 

25.

V

V MUSCOR VINA501

Core Course – 7

Theory of Music

Theory

4

4

3hrs

 

 

 

20

26.

V MUSCOR VINA502

Core Course – 8 

Fundamental lessons IV

Practical 5

6

4

30min

 

27.

V MUSCORVINA 503

Core Course -9

varnams & ghanaraga pancharatnam

Practical 6

5

4

30min

 

28.

V MUSCOR VINA504

Core Course – 10

Manodharma sangeetam

Practical 7

5

4

30min

 

 

29.

V MUSOPCVINA 505

Open Course – 1

1*

Practical

3

2

30 mts

 

30.

V MUSCW/P VINA 506

Course Work/Project 1

-

-

2

2

-

 

31.

 

VI

VI MUSCOR 601

Core Course – 11

Theory of Music

Theory

4

4

3hrs

 

 

 

20

32.

VI MUSCORVINA 602

Core Course – 12

Adv svara exercises &musical forms

Practical 8

6

4

30min

 

33.

VI MUSCORVINA 603

Core Course – 13

Manodharma sangeetam

Practical 9

5

4

30min

 

34.

VI MUSCORVINA 604

Core Course – 14

Veena concert

Practical 10

5

4

30min

 

35.

VI MUSOPCVINA 605

Open Course – 2

2*

Practical

3

2

30 mts

 

36.

VI MUSCW/P VINA 606

Course Work/ Project 2

-

 

2

2

 

 

1* Open Course – 1                                                                            2* Open Course – 2

Optional                                                                                              Optional

  1. Svara exercises                                                                        1. Ragam tanam and pallavi
  2. Alankaras and geethams                                                         2. Prominent Musicologists
  3. Fingering and bowing techniques                                           3. Different systems of music education.

MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY

COURSE – CREDIT AND SEMESTER (C.C.S) SYSTEM

B. A. – MUSIC – PROGRAMME – (VEENA)

 

Reference Books recommended for the Course:

  1. Dakshinendyan Sangeetham by Vidwan A.K.Ravindranath ( Malayalam) (Vol 1 & 2)
  2. South Indian Music by Prof.P.Sambamoorthy (Vol I to VI)
  3. The Dictionary of South Indian Music by Prof.P.Sambamoorthy (A to F, G to K, L to N and P to S)
  4. The Splendour of South Indian Music by Prof.Chelladurai
  5. Sangeetha Kalpadrumam by Dr.L.Muthiah Bhagavatar (Malayalam)
  6. Sangeetha Sastra Pravesika by Shri.Venkatasubbayyar (Malayalam)
  7. Karnataka Sangeetha Charitram by Shri.Ravindranath (Malayalam)

 

 

  

 

MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY

B. A. MUSIC PROGRAMME (VEENA)

 COURSE DETAILS

 

Sem

Course Title

Hrs/ Week

Credit

Exam Hrs practical 30/60 mts Theory 3 hrs

Total Credit

 

 

I

Common Course – 1

5

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Common Course – 2

4

4

3 hrs

Common Course – 3

4

4

3 hrs

Core Course – 1 (Practical)

7

4

30 mts

1st Complementary – 1 (Instrumental)

3

2

30 mts

2nd Complementary – 1 (Theory)

2

2

3 hrs

 

 

II

Common Course – 4

5

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Common Course – 5

4

4

3 hrs

Common Course – 6

4

4

3 hrs

Core Course – 2 (Practical)

7

4

30 mts

1st Complementary – 2 (Instrumental)

3

2

30 mts

2nd Complementary – 2 (Theory)

2

2

3 hrs

 

 

III

Common Course – 7

5

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Common Course – 8

5

4

3 hrs

Core Course – 3 (Theory)

3

3

3 hrs

Core Course – 4 (Practical)

7

4

30 mts

1st Complementary – 3 (Instrumental)

3

3

30 mts

2nd Complementary – 3 (Theory)

2

2

3 hrs

 

 

IV

Common Course – 9

5

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Common Course – 10

5

4

3 hrs

Core Course – 5 (Theory)

3

3

3 hrs

Core Course – 6 (Practical)

7

4

30 mts

1st Complementary – 4 (Instrumental)

3

3

30 mts

2nd Complementary – 4 (Theory)

2

2

3 hrs

 

 

V

Core Course – 7 (Theory)

4

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Core Course – 8 (Practical)

6

4

60 mts

Core Course – 9 (Practical)

5

4

30 mts

Core Course – 10 (Practical)

5

4

30 mts

Open Course – 1 (Practical)

3

2

30 mts

Course Work/ Project Work – 1

2

2

 

 

 

VI

Core Course – 11 (Theory)

4

4

3 hrs

 

 

20

Core Course – 12 (Practical)

6

4

30 mts

Core Course – 13 (Practical)

5

4

30 mts

Core Course – 14 (Practical)

5

4

30 mts

Open Course – 2 (Practical)

3

2

30 mts

Course Work/ Project Work – 2

2

2

 

 

 

Total

150

120

 

120

 

Course

Credits  

 

TOTAL COMMON COURSES

10

40

 

TOTAL CORE COURSE (10Pr. + 4Th.)

14

40+16=56

TOTAL COMPLIMENTARY COURSES

8

16

TOTAL OPEN COURSES

2

4

TOTAL COURSE WORK/ PROJECT WORK

2

4

 

 

 

TOTAL

36

120

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY

B. A. VEENA

1ST SEMESTER

CORE COURSE – I

I MUSCOR VINA 101

 

PRACTICAL – I – FUNDAMENTAL LESSONS – I

 

1. Sadhaka varisas – Sarali, Jhanta and Dhatu varisas, Swara pallavi, Tarasthayi varisas –   all in three degrees of speed.

 

2. Sapta tala alankaras – in 2 degrees of speed in the ragas 15, 21, 22, 29, 65, mohanam,    hamsadvani and Sudhasaveri.

 

 

1ST COMPLIMENTARY – 1 (VOCAL)

 

I MUSCOM VINA 102

 

PRELIMINARY SVARA EXERCISES – 1

 

1. Ability to render preliminary svara exercises

            a. Sarali varisas

            b. Janta varisas

            c. Madhya stayi varisas

 

2ND COMPLEMENTARY – I

I MUSCOM 103

MUSICOLOGY (THEORY)

 

1. Distinctive features of Indian music

 

2. Cultural,Intellectual,Emotional,Spiritual values of music

 

3. Technical terms and their explanations.

a. Nadam

b. Sruti

c. Svaram – Svara nomenclature

d. Sthayi

e. Graha

f. Nyasa

g. Amsa

h. Tala –Sapta talas and their angas, shadangas.

 

4. Life sketch and contributions of the following vaggeyakaras

a. Purandaradasa and

            b.Trinity (Thyagaraja,Muthuswamy Dikshitar,Syama Sastri)

 

 

 

2ND SEMESTER

CORE COURSE – II

II MUSCOR VINA 201

 

PRACTICAL – II – FUNDAMENTAL LESSONS – II

 

1. Sadhaka varisas – trisvara prastara

2. Alankaras in – Sudhadhanyasi, Madhyamavathi, Abhogi, Pantuvarali, Vachaspathi and Lathangi.

3. Geetham – Sudhasaveri, Mohanam, Malahari and any other 3.

4. Jathiswaram – Any 2.

5. Swarajathi – Any 1

6. Adi tala varnam – Mohanam and Hamsadhvani

 

 

 

 

 

 

1ST COMPLIMENTARY – II

II MUSCOM VINA 202

 

PRELIMINARY SVARA EXERCISES – II (VOCAL)

 

1. Sapta tala alankaras in Mayamalavagaula and any other 3 ragas

2. Geethams – 1

            a. Malahari or

            b. Mohanam

 

2nd – COMPLEMENTARY – II

II MUSCOM 203

MUSICOLOGY (THEORY)

 

  1. Musical Instruments and their classification in general (in detail)
  2. Detailed knowledge of the notation used in South Indian Music
  3. Principal seats of Music

a.Tanjore      

b.Thiruvananthapuram

     4. Folk music – out line knowledge of folk music in general, their characteristics, and  its varieties

     5.Ability to write in notation

a.Sapta tala alankaras

b. Geetams (as  prescribed in practical paper)

 

 

 

 

3RD SEMESTER

CORE COUSE – III

III MUSCOR 301

THEORY OF MUSIC (THEORY)

 

1.The characteristic features of a Janaka Mela

            a. Scheme of 72 melas

b. Application of Kadapayadi formula

c. Application of Bhutasankhya

2. Explanation of the technical terms – Vadi, Samvadi, Vivadi and Anuvadi

 

3. Raga classification in detail

a. Janaka-Janya

b. Upanga-Bhashanga

c. Varjya-Vakra

d. Nishadantya, Dhaivatantya and Panchamantya

            e. Ghana, Naya, Desya

f. Karnataka, desya

g. Sudha, Chayalaga, Sankeerna

h. Classification based on Kampita svaras

i. Mitra ragas

j Ganakala niyama

 

4. The scheme of 35 talas, 175 talas and Chapu talas

 

5. Raga lakshana in detail of the following ragas

            a. Mohanam

b. Hamsadhvani

c. Sankarabharanam

 

 

CORE COURSE – IV

III MUSCOR VINA 302

 

PRACTICAL – III – FUNDAMENTAL LESSONS –III

 

1. Sadhakavarisas with alankaras in various ragas – chathu swara prastharam

 

2. Swarajathi – Any 2

 

3. Adi tala varnams – Sri, Valachi and Sahana

 

4. Ata tala varnam – Kamboji

 

 

 

1ST COMPLIMENTARY – III-(VOCAL PRACTICAL)

 

III MUSCOM VINA 303

GITAMS, SVARAJATIS AND VARNAMS

 

1. Two Gitams in any of  the following ragas             

a.Kalyani or

b.Suddha Saveri

c. Saveri

2. One Jatisvaram or Svarajati

 

 

2nd – COMPLEMENTARY – III

III MUSCOM 304

MUSICOLOGY(THEORY)

 

1. Musical Forms and their classification

            a. Gita

            b. Jatisvaram  

            c. Svarajati

            d. Varnas

 

2. Construction and playing technique of the following instruments:

            a. Tambura

            b. Veena

           

3. Life sketch and Contributions of the Pre-trinity composers:

a. Jayadeva

b. Narayana Thirtha

c.Kshetrajna

 

4. Raga lakshana in detail of the following ragas

 .          a. Mayamalavagaula

b. Bilahari

c. Kanada

 

 

 

4TH SEMESTER

CORE COURSE – V 

IV MUSCOR 401

THEORY OF MUSIC (THEORY)

 

1. Gamakas – Dasavidha gamakas and Panchadasa gamakas - Model shift of tonic

 

2. Musical forms:

            a. Kriti b. Kirtana c. Ragamaliga d. Padam e. Javali f. Tillana

 

3. Mudras and its varieties figuring in Musical compositions.

 

4. Ragalakshana of the following ragas with sancharas:

            1. Bhairavi 2. Anandabhairavi 3. Sahana 4. Begada 5. Arabhi 6. Saveri

            7. Surutti 8. Nattakurinji 9. Khamas

 

5. Ability to write in notation the following:

            1. Adi tala varba 2. Ata tala varna

 

CORE COURSE – VI

 

IV MUSCOR VINA 402

 

PRACTICAL – IV - VARNAMS AND SIMPLE KRITIS

 

1. Sadhaka varisas with alankaras in various ragas – chatusvara prastara

 

2. Adi tala varnam – Saveri, Begada and Kedaragaula

 

3. Ata tala varnam – Kanada and Sankarabharanam

 

4. Ghanaraga pancharatnam – Arabhi

 

5. Simple Kritis with alapana and kalpana svaras in the ragas – Chakravakam, Arabhi,

    Mayamalavagaula, Abhogi and Nata

 

 

1ST COMPLIMENTARY – IV(VOCAL PRACTICAL)

 

IV MUSCOM VINA 403

VARNAM AND SIMPLE KRITI

 

1. One Adi tala varna – (Mohanam, Hamsadwani or Abhogi)

 

2. One Simple Kriti

 

 

 

 

2nd – COMPLEMENTARY 4

IV MUSCOM 404

MUSICOLOGY (THEORY)

 

1. Kathakali music – ragas and talas figuring in kathakali music

 

2. Prominent musical instruments of Kerala

a. Chenda

b. Maddalam

c. Idakka

d. Ilathalam

e. Thimila

f. Chengila

g. Kombu

h. Kuzhal

 

3. Panchavadyam – Kriyanga and Sevanga panchavadyas

 

4. Composers of Kerala

a. Swathithirunal

b. Iravivarman thampi

c. K. C. Kesava pillai

 

5. Ritualistic Music of Kerala –          Folk rituals                  Temple rituals

                                                            a. Thiruvathirakali       a. Kalamezhuthupattu

                                                            b. Thaiyyam                b. Bhadrakalipattu

                                                            c. Padayani                  c. Teeyattu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5TH SEMESTER

CORE COURSE – VII

V MUSCOR VINA 501

THEORY OF MUSIC (THEORY)

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES IN VEENA PLAYING

 

1. Veena though the ages

 

2. Different schools of Veena vadana

    Regional varieties of Veena at Mysore, Andhra, Tanjore and Thiruvananthapuram

 

3. Biographical studies of eminent performers on Veena

    a. Veena Seshanna

    b. Veena Dhanammal

 

4. Different kinds of ‘Meetu’ in Veena, in various schools of Veena vadana

 

5. Construction, maintenance and fretting of Veena (Veena Melam)

 

6. Role of Veena in various music platforms

 

7. Application of Gamakas in Veena

 

8. Short notes on Rudra Veena, Mohana Veena and Gottuvadyam

 

9. Notation of any kriti learnt in the practical paper

 

 

 

CORE COURSE – VIII 

 

V MUSCOR VINA 502

 

PRACTICAL – V – FUNDAMENTAL LESSONS – IV

 

1. Sadhaka varisas with alankaras in various ragas

 

2. Adi tala varnam – Navaragamalika, Vasanta and Kalyani

 

CORE COURSE – IX

 

V MUSCOR VINA 503

 

PRACTICAL – VI – VARNAMS AND GHANA RAGA PANCHARATNAM

 

1. Ata tala varnam - Ritigaula

 

2. Ghanaraga pancharatnam – Nata or Sreeraga

CORE COURSE – X

 

V MUSCOR VINA 504

 

PRACTICAL – VII - MANODHARMA SANGEETHAM – I

 

1. Kritis from prescribed ragas – Any 10 with outline knowledge of the raga alapana and kalpana  svaras

 

2. Chittatanam in the ragas – Sankarabharanam, Mechakalyani, Pantuvarali, Kharaharapriya,

    Simhendramadhyamam, Shanmukhapriya, Lathangi, Thodi, Keeravani and Bhairavi

 

 

OPEN COURSE – I

V MUSOPC VINA 505

COURSE – 1

 

1. Awareness of veena mechanism and fingering technique

 

2. Tuning of veena in sama sruti and madhyama sruti

 

3. Playing popular tunes in veena

 

 

COURSE – II

 

1. Fundamental lessons sarali varisas and jhanta varisas.

 

2. Sapta tala alankara in varied ragas. 

3. Note svara sahityas of Muthusvami Dikshitar

 

COURSE – III

 

1. Sarali varisas and jhanta varisas in madhyama sruti.

2. Alankaras in Pantuvarali and Chakravakam.

3. Malahari and Mohanam Geethams.

 

 

COURSE WORK/PROJECT

 

V MUSCW/P VINA 506

 

Lecture demonstration of any topic from the course

 

 

 

 

 

6TH SEMESTER

CORE COURSE – XI

VI MUSCOR 601

THEORY OF MUSIC (THEORY)

 

1. Acoustics 

a. Production and transmission of sound

b. Laws of vibration of strings

c. Pitch

d. Intensity

e. Timbre

f. Loudness

g. Echo

h. Resonance

 

2. Group kritis of Trinity and Swathithirunal

3. Lakshanas of the following ragas

a. Ritigaula

b. Khamas

c. Nattakurinji

d. Todi

e. Charukesi

f. Vachaspati

g. Kapi

h. Anandabhairavi

i. Saveri

            j. Mukhari

 

 

 

 

 

 

CORE COURSE – XII

 

VI MUSCOR VINA 602

 

PRACTICAL – VIII – ADVANCED SVARA EXERCISES AND MUSICAL FORMS

 

1. Sadhaka varisas with alankara in various ragas

 

2. Adi tala varnam – Pantuvarali, Abhogi, Sudhadhanysi

3. Ata tala varnam – Bhairavi

4. Syama sastri swarajathi – 1

5. Ragamalika – 1

6. Padam/Jawali – 1

7. Thillana – 1

 

 

 

 

 

CORE COURSE – XIII

 

VI MUSCOR VINA 603

 

PRACTICAL – IX – MANODHARMA SANGEETHAM – II

 

Detailed raga alapana with tanam and kalpana svaras along with kritis in major and minor ragas.

 

CORE COURSE – XIV

 

VI MUSCOR VINA 604

 

PRACTICAL – X – VEENA CONCERT

 

Veena concert of 30 minutes duration – including a varnam (2 speeds), a kriti with raga alapana tanam and kalpana svaras, padam/jawali, thillana and mangalam.

 

 

OPEN COURSE – II

VI MUSOPC 605

COURSE – I

 

1. Navagraha kriti of Muthuswami Dikshitar – 1

2. Navaratri kriti of Swathithirunal – 1

3. Utsava sampradaya kriti of Tyagaraja – 1

COURSE – II

1. Swarajathi/ jathiswaram not learned in the core course – 1

2. Thanam in Ghana ragas

3. Composition of Annamacharya – 2

COURSE – III

1. Thillana of Lalgudi Jayaraman/ Balamuralikrishna – 1

2. Kshetrjna padam – 1

3. Music compositions more apt for instrumental music only – 2 

 

COURSE WORK/PROJECT

 

VI MUSCW/P 606

 

Submission of a record with the notation of all compositions learnt in the core course

  

 

 

 

 

MODEL QUESTION PAPER FOR CORE COURSE – VII

 

I. Choose the correct answers                                                                           Weights: 1

            1. Name of Narada’s Veena

                        (Kachapi, Parivadini, Mahati)

            2. Veena of Goddess Saraswathi

                        ( Mahati, Kachapi, Parivadini)

            3. A great exponent of thillanas among Vainikas

                        (Veena Seshanna, Veena Narasayya, Veena Venkataramanadas)

            4. A Vainika who used to play Veena keeping in vertical position

                        (Veena Dhanammal, Veena Kuppayyar, Karaikudi Sambasivs Iyer)

            5. The Veenas used for studying sruthi intervals

                        (Pradarsana Veena, Satatantri Veena, Dhruva Veena – Chala Veena)

            6. The Actual name of the modern Veena

                        (Raghunathamela Veena, Madhyamamela Veena, Eka ragamela Veena)

            7. The name of the Veena made of single piece of wood

                        (Sarva ragamela Veena, Eka danda Veena, Eka ragamela Veena)

            8. Name of the Veena string at the farthest end of the Veena player

                        (Sarani, Mandram, Anumandram)

II. Write short notes on any four of the following                                            Weights: 1

1. Tanjore Veena

2. Tharjani meettu

3. Mysore bani                                                   

4. Veyi sadhakam

5. Vali

III. Write short essays on any two of the following                                         Weights: 2

            1. Veena melam

            2. Dasavidha gamakas

            3. Gottuvadyam

IV. Write an essay on any one of the following                                               Weights: 4

            1. Narrate in brief the evolution of Veena from the Vedic age to the present day

            2. Discuss the characteristics of different schools of Veena